Fertigungskennzeichen, Enigma Manufacturing Codes

Some of the Enigma machines are marked with a three letter fabrication code or Fertigungskennzeichen together with the serial number of the machine. The label might take the form as shown here for the 1944 model of the Naval Enigma M4:

Na 220 900
10233/gvx/44

or the form used on some Army/Luftwaffe machines:

A
00994/bac/43E

The fabrication codes for the known Enigma manufacturers are given below.

Enigma Manufacturing Codes
CodeManufacturer
aye Olympia Büromaschinenwerke A.-G.,
Erfurt, Mainzerhofplatz
bac Ertel-Werk für Feinmechanik,
Dipl. Ing. W. Preyss,
München, Westendstr. 160
gvx Konski & Krüger, Fabrik elektr. u.
mechanischer Apparate,
Berlin N 4, Chausseestr. 117
jla Chiffriermaschinengesellschaft
Heimsoeth u. Rinke,
Berlin-Wilmersdorf, Uhlandstr. 136
jmz Atlas-Werke A.-G., Maschinenfabrik,
Bremen 11, Steinhöft 11

The fabrication codes were issued in lists by the Heereswaffenamt Wa Z 2 (The Army's Ordnance Department). One such list is titled:

Liste der Fertigungskennzeichen für Waffen, Munition und Gerät,
Oberkommando des Heeres, Berlin 1944.

A total of 15 lists are known to have been issued.

Manufacturing Code Lists
Code rangeEdition
a-z and aa-zzOctober 1941
aaa - azzNovember 1940
baa - bzzFebruary 1941
caa - czzMarch 1941
daa - dzzApril 1941
eaa - ezzMay 1941
faa - fzzJune 1941
gaa - gzzJuly 1941
haa - hzzAugust 1941
jaa - jzzSeptember 1941
kaa - kzzJune 1942
laa - lzzSeptember 1943
maa - mzzDecember 1943
naa - nzzAugust 1944
oaa - ozzOctober 1944

These lists were used by Karl R. Pawlas to compile a complete listing which he then published as a reprint of the originals in 1977.

Karl R. Pawlas, Publizistisches Archiv für Militär- und Waffenwesen,
gegründet 1956, 8500 Nürnberg 122, Postfach.
Nürnberg 1977, ISBN 3-88088-214-2

Print: W. Tümmels GmbH, 8500 Nürnberg
Binding: Grossbuchbinderei Gassenmeyer GmbH, 8500 Nürnberg,
Obermaierstr. 11

  The book is still in print and can be obtained from:

DWJ Verlags-GmbH
Rudolf-Diesel-Straße 46
74572 Blaufelden
Deutschland

Kontakt Redaktion:
Tel.: 07953 9787-100
Fax: 07953 9787-880
E-Mail: info@dwj.de
Internet: www.dwj.de

Kontakt Vertrieb:
Tel.: 07953 9787-0
Fax: 07953 9787-882

Das große Code-Buch: Liste der Fertigungskennzeichen für Waffen, Munition und Gerät,
Format 14.8 x 21 cm,  Price: 26.95 €

Perhaps also of interest to collectors:

Zahlencodesystem des Heeres von 1925 bis 1940,
188 Seiten, Format 14,8 x 21 cm, Price: 19.95 €

I should also like to thank Tom Jansen for supplying me with the address of the original Enigma firm and which I mention below. This firm does not appear in the Liste der Fertigungskennzeichen as the firm had ceased to exist when the first list was published.

Chiffriermaschinen Aktiengesellschaft
Berlin W 35,
Steglitzer Strasse 2.
Fernspr.: Nollendorf 2899
Tel-Adr.: Chiffrier Berlin


Copyright © 2000, Frode Weierud

 
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